What technologies are behind this virtual world?

The Metaverse is a world of digital products, virtual avatars, and a functional economy where technology is more than utility; It’s a lifestyle. It denotes a non-physical world where people can communicate through various forms of virtual technology. There are several technologies behind the metaverse.

The Metaverse is a platform reminiscent of a science fiction concept. However, it is as real as the Internet. This technology is new, but there will be many improvements, trends and changes before it becomes the new standard. Everything changes over time, from how we have fun, shop, watch movies, to how we spend time with friends. Technologies such as the metaverse make it possible to close the distance and be with people in real time.

In a sense, the metaverse is not only comfort or entertainment. It is also a technology that can bring together two people who live far apart. The Metaverse is supported by many technologies with different roles. Here are the main key technologies that govern the functioning of the metaverse.

Blockchain and Cryptocurrency

Blockchain is technology, proof of ownership and collection. It facilitates the transfer of value, regulates access and ensures compatibility. In addition, it provides decentralized and transparent solutions. Cryptocurrencies expand the ability of users to exchange value while working and communicating in three-dimensional digital worlds.

For example, the gaming cryptocurrency MANA allows players to buy plots of land with non-fungible tokens. With blockchain technology, you can establish and secure ownership of virtual land.

Moreover, cryptocurrency may one day motivate people to work in the metaverse. It should be noted that more and more companies have online offices, increase in the number of jobs associated with the metaverse.

Metaverse, Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)

Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) offer immersive 3D experience. They are the means of entry into the virtual world. In augmented reality, the real world is transformed with the help of digital images. Unlike virtual reality, easier to use, and it is on most smartphones and digital devices with cameras. Augmented reality allows users visualize your surroundings with interactive digital images.

virtual reality

But virtual reality is different. Like the metaverse concept, it creates fully virtual environments using computer code. Helmets, gloves and virtual reality sensors are required to view them.

Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality present the first examples of the metaverse. Virtual reality is currently creating a digital world containing fictional media. As virtual reality technology advances, it will be able to integrate physics simulations into the metaverse experience. As a result, users can listen, feel and interact with people from other parts of the world through the app.

Artificial Intelligence (AI), the technology behind the metaverse

In recent years, artificial intelligence has been widely used in our lives. We will only mention its use during business strategy planning process as well as face recognition. AI experts started explore AI applications for creating immersive metaverses.

This technology can process huge amounts of data at lightning speed. In conjunction with machine learning methodsAI algorithms can gather information from historical data, learn from previous iterations, and generate unique results and insights.

Artificial Intelligence Technology and the Metaverse

In addition, AI can upgrade non-player characters (NPCs) differently in the metaverse. Almost all games have an NPC (game character that is not controlled by the player). Using AI, NPCs will be able to interact in 3D space and have realistic conversations with users. or perform other tasks.

AI NPCs can work independently and interact with millions of players simultaneously, as opposed to human users. One of the possibilities of AI is to create metaverse avatarse. With the help of AI engines, we can create avatars that look more realistic and accurate by analyzing 2D images and 3D scans. In addition, to improve the digital people we create, AI can also be used to create facial expressions, hairstyles, clothes and other features.

3D reconstruction process and metaverse technology

3D reconstruction is not a new technology. In fact, it became widespread during the pandemic, when the closure prevented potential buyers from inspecting properties in person. Thus, some agencies have begun to use 3D reconstruction to create virtual property tours.

3D reconstruction

As in the metaverse, buyers could discover potential new homes from anywhere in the world where to buy them without going inside. A serious task is to create a virtual world that is as close to reality as possible. It also allows the creation of realistic and organic spaces through 3D reconstruction. With the help of unique 3D cameras, we can visualize accurate 3D models of buildings, places and objects online.

3D spatial data and 4K HD photos are sent to computers for processing. The virtual replicas are then displayed in the metaverse. for user study. These virtual copies of physical objects are also called digital twins.

Web 3.0 – Next Generation Internet Technology


One of the benefits of Web 3.0 is decentralized blockchain protocol. The latter allows people to connect to the Internet, where they own data and time and are rewarded accordingly. this is bigger better than website where centralized giant corporations can siphon profits.

Web 2.0 must use semantic metadata so that computers can understand the meaning of sentences, generate, share and link content, search for it and analyze it. In addition, web 3.0 will allow greater association between data sources. As a result, the user experience is improved to an even higher level of connectivity, using every piece of information on the Internet.

Internet of Things (IoT) technology

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system that connects everything in our physical world to the internet using sensors and gadgets. These gadgets will have a unique identifier and the ability to automatically send and receive information after connecting to the Internet.

Today, the Internet of Things connects speakers, thermostats, medical gadgets, and other voice devices to a variety of data sources. metaverse IoT applications designed to collect and disseminate data from the physical world. Wherein digital representations it would be more accurate. For example, certain objects in the metaverse may behave differently depending on current weather conditions.

Internet of Things

In addition, 3D environments can be easily scaled to a wide range of real devices via the Internet of Things. Thanks to this technology, it is possible run simulations in the metaverse. In addition, the Internet of Things can use artificial intelligence and machine learning to further improvement of the metaverse managing the data it collects.

Processors of Metaverse and mobile devices

Augmented reality on mobile phones will have to work on glasses like those found in the general public. To make this possible, we need small ultra-fast mobile processors that can be integrated into ordinary glasses, virtual reality devices, High performance, low latency mobile processors and high frame rate. In addition, optical elements compatible with standard silicon components can be introduced. Ultimately, this may lead to speed up data transfer.

Metaverse and edge computing

Edge Computing

Using Edge Computing is becoming increasingly popular in commercial spaces. Indeed, it contributes faster data transfer with minimal delays. And it is necessary for high quality immersive virtual experience.

However, with millions of people around the world sharing virtual experiences, the cloud cannot support the processing power required to support the system. Instead of bringing processing closer to users, distributed computing can make the whole experience much smoother.

Internet infrastructure

Startups and IT companies strive to overcome challenges of creating an immersive virtual world in real time. As a service, the metaverse does not depend on an application to operate. And it’s not the world and it’s not a game.

Rather, it is a new generation of the Internet, allowing real time interaction. Infrastructure is what forms the metaverse. The latter offers a huge virtual world with highly detailed textures. This will require very high internet speed, high bandwidth and very low latency.


With 5G, millimeter wave frequencies reach incredibly high levels, enabling virtual reality. Expected that 6G will soon replace 5G. However, 6G technology is currently not available. According to some experts, its speed can be one to two times faster than 5g, which is equivalent to one terabyte per second. You could afford to download 142 hours of Netflix content in one second.

In addition, the 6G network will allow cyberspace support human cognition and real-time action, according to the NTT Docomo white paper. Touch interfaces using portable devices and microdevices installed on the body will feel and look like in real life.

Brain-machine interface technology and the world of the metaverse

Brain-machine interfaces allow us managing avatars, various objects and digital transactions using signals from our brain. This technology should be imposed video games and productivity markets. It will not play a major role in the early years of the metaverse.

However, in the mid-2030s, some early adopters may start using brain-machine interfaces for connecting to the neocortex. The neocortex is part of the human cerebral cortex responsible for higher cognitive functions. Several companies are already developing brain-computer interfaces.