technologies for fire safety

They are the new allies of the firefighters. solutions technological increased over several years in France to identify fire risks and guide fire professionals. Designed specifically for forest fire prevention, these new technologies combine low energy costs with high availability. These solutions are needed today to combat the ever-increasing number of forest fires.

Drones to help firefighters

Drones are booming among firefighters in France. Faster to deploy and less expensive than helicopters, reconnaissance drones are also less polluting. The latter are used for a variety of functions: mapping forests, identifying hotspots, providing aerial visibility for firefighters on the ground, and prioritizing intervention areas.

More and more French cities are now equipping themselves with drones equipped with thermal imaging cameras to detect and prevent fires. This is the case of the city of Cannes, which relies on environmental prevention. “This approach is accompanied by concrete measures and actions, such as the installation of brush cutter donkeys to reduce the risk of fires spreading in an ecological and economic way,” said David Lisnard, Mayor of Cannes and President of the Cannes Film Festival. Lerinska agglomeration. The forests of the Landes and Channels also used this technology to put out devastating fires this year.

Artificial intelligence for forest mapping

Artificial intelligence (AI) is now in the service fire warning. Real-time data allows firefighters to identify dangerous or hard-to-reach areas by taking into account drought factors, propagation speed, terrain typology or wind speed.

The use of interactive maps also allows firefighters to identify heat peaks to anticipate fire outbreaks. For example, the non-governmental organization Global Forest Watch collects information that can be used by firefighters, such as the type of plantation that could catch fire, the geographic latitude, or the quality of the air observed. Information that “helps make better decisions about managing and protecting forests for present and future generations,” the association said in a statement.

Balloons detect the start of a fire

Fire prevention technologies are in full development. Last year, the city of Marseille tested for the first time in Europe a tethered balloon capable of operating 24 hours a day. Located at an altitude of 600 meters, a balloon can cover a much larger area of ​​forest than a simple watchtower. The innovation is still being tested, but its effectiveness and stability most likely to be tempted by new barracks in France.

Thermal surveillance cameras for faster alerts to firefighters

For several years, the Landes Forest has been monitored by about sixty surveillance cameras. An effective system that allows you to quickly mobilize emergency services at the slightest unusual heat peak. The device allows you to replace firefighters, who usually watch from watchtowers.

If the forest fires this year in the south of France were devastating due to temperature records, then authorities say thermal surveillance cameras have made it possible to more quickly reduce and prevent deforestation in the Landes. For 20 years, the area of ​​fires in the Landes has decreased by 60%.