Tribune. In July 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled that the agreement allowing the transfer of European personal data to the United States, known as the Privacy Shield, was invalid because Europeans had no effective means to challenge US rights. government surveillance. In response, the Irish Data Protection Commission issued an interim order from Facebook to suspend data transfers from the European Union to the US. However, in December 2021, Meta (the new name of the Facebook group) felt entitled to continue transmissions, ignoring European decisions and once again demonstrating that the digital giants do not intend to comply with US injunctions.
Because if his decision was based on common sense, the CJEU does not have the necessary means of pressure to enforce it. It is high time that we finally understood this: without mastering the technologies it is trying to regulate, Europe is in the position of being dependent on a monopoly customer whose after-sales messages will end up in the wastebasket.
And this situation, which concerns both Facebook and all big technologies, is not limited to the single subject of digital data: if big technologies dominate the use of the Internet, they also take over the infrastructure of the Internet, such as submarine telecommunications cables through which 98% of our online -activities, and which are becoming the digital backbone of 5G and New Space. [l’utilisation commerciale de l’espace par des acteurs privés]. Finally, our lack of ownership of technology weakens our ability to negotiate with these players, as well as with the major powers that support them, starting with China and the US.
Thus, an industrial strategy based on technological development seems necessary to balance these relationships and ensure that the law is respected. This should primarily target key health or national security sectors in order to break the current dependency on these companies such as Microsoft, which hosts Health Data Hub, a French medical data centralization platform, or Palantir, a company built with support CIA under contract with the Directorate General of Homeland Security.
A plan is needed to gradually replace Big Tech tools and services with European solutions, starting with public procurement, which can be explicitly oriented towards national and European tools. It also suggests questioning the French label “Cloud of Trust” because it promotes and even accelerates the adoption of Big Tech technologies without offering an alternative strategy to get rid of them. Defended by the Secretary of State in charge of digital [Cédric O] who showed up in September 2021 wearing a Google-printed T-shirt during a match at the Parc des Princes. This label is a Trojan horse that allows Google and Microsoft to sign lucrative contracts with Thalès and Orange to sell services through them. companies and administrations. In this way, Big Tech delegates legal responsibility to local companies, but retains exclusive control over the technology.
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