Many technologies are already used daily. However, these five technological advances will fundamentally change society and humanity as a whole.
artificial intelligence (I)
AI andmachine learning refers to the ability of electronic devices to learn and act intelligently, that is, to make decisions, perform tasks, and even predict future outcomes based on the data they have collected.
AI and machine learning are already playing an important role in everyday life. Alexa, Siri, Amazon product recommendations, Netflix and Spotify personalized recommendations, search Google, security checks for fraudulent purchases using credit cards, dating apps, smartwatches and more. All of these devices rely on AI.
In future, AI will revolutionize almost every aspect of modern life. Some years ago, Stephen Hawking stated: “Success in the creation of AI will be the greatest event in the history of mankind. […] Unfortunately, it could be our last if we don’t learn to avoid risks.”
Indeed, AI poses a huge risk to society and humanity as we know them today, especially when we know that some countries are developing autonomous weapons with AI. AI and machine learning are the foundation on which many other technologies are built. For example, without AIInternet of Things (IoT) would not exist, just like the virtual reality, chat bots (or conversational agents), face recognition, roboticsIautomation where unmanned vehicles.
AI will also change the world of work. Automating AI will have a particularly large impact and could result in the loss or change of many jobs. However, instead of believing this vision of a dystopian future in which robots replace humans, tell yourself that AI will improve your professional life. Indeed, this technology will improve the world of work and new jobs will emerge.
In addition, as electronic devices become smarter and capable of performing more human tasks, human-specific capabilities such as creativityIsympathy And critical thinkingwill become even more valuable and important in the world of work.
Genomics is an interdisciplinary field of biology that focuses on understanding and manipulating the DNA and genomes of living organisms. Genetic engineering allows the development of many technologies, such as rewrite the genomewhich is the process of modifying the DNA and genetic structure of living organisms.
The development of biotechnology is such that it is now possible to modify the DNA encoded in a cell and thus change the characteristics or traits of its offspring. In plants, these technologies make it possible, for example, to change the number or color of leaves. Genetic rewiring in humans allows, among other things, to change the size, color of the eyes or the likelihood of developing diseases. All this gives an almost limitless range of possibilities, because any characteristic of a living organism that is inherited can theoretically be changed.
Much of the genome editing work is done in the field healthcare. One of the most interesting current projects is DNA mutation correction which can lead to serious illnesses such as cancer or heart disease. However, genetic manipulation and rewriting cause a large number of ethical and legal issuesas well as “what if” questions. Human genome editing is currently banned in many countries, including much of Europe, because its long-term effects are still unknown.
With a subject as potentially socially transformative as genomics, it’s easy to get carried away imagining a future without cancer, or even an infinite extension of human life. In fact, such advances are far from possible, if ever. In the short term, it will probably be more fruitful to focus on solving smaller problems that will have an immediate impact on the real world.
Human Computer Interaction (HMI)
HMIs enable the creation of wearable devices and technologies that help improve people’s physical and possibly mental performance to help them lead healthier and better lives. Today the most common examples portable systems knitted bracelets and watches. These small, easy-to-wear devices typically track physical activity and provide information to help you lead a better, healthier, and more productive life.
However, portable systems are not necessarily items worn on the wrist or on another part of the body. It can also be smart clothing, such as running shoes that analyze your gait and performance, a robotic prosthesis, or robotic technology used in industry.
As technology gets smaller and smarter, the range of wearable systems will expand and new, smaller and smarter products will emerge. For example, smart glasses are likely to be replaced by smart contact lenses, and then the lenses will in turn be replaced by smart eye implants.
Many people believe that these advances will lead to the fusion of man and machine to create truly augmented humans. from transhumans or people 2.0. It could change the world of medicine and challenge the definition of humanity.
On a societal level, we could move towards widening gap between rich and poorbetween the haves and the have-nots. Technologies like HMI promise to help people live longer, healthier lives, maybe even live forever, but it’s likely only the richest can afford it. Imagine a society where the rich are actually superhumans living forever, and everyone else is normal and destitute… There is also a more important ethical question: should people live longer, given the enormous pressure this will put on the planet.
Augmented Reality (XR)
XR is a generic term for both the virtual reality, augmented reality And mixed reality. All of these technologies create a more immersive digital experience.
In practice, augmented reality is being used to draw attention to a brand, give customers a chance to try a product before they buy, improve customer service, increase the effectiveness of on-the-job training, and hone skills in other organizational processes.
XR technologies offer people exciting and completely new ways to experience the world around them. XR is already seeing real use in today’s world and could radically change the way people interact with technology. Augmented reality on mobile devices, such as an app pokemon gohave more than three billion dollars earned worldwide revenue in 2018. XR is also the backbone of the user experience in the metaverse, this virtual universe where you can be whoever you want to be as you explore the digital world of games, meetings and events.
However, affordability and affordability are obvious barriers given that XR headsets can be expensive, bulky, and unwieldy. However, this technology will become more widespread, accessible and comfortable to use, which will only increase the chances of widespread use. The biggest difficulties will Privacy Protection and the potential mental and physical consequences of highly immersive technologies.
3D printing also known as production of additives, is to create a 3D object from a digital file by building it layer by layer. 3D printing technology may seem less advanced than artificial intelligence or genome editing, but it has the potential to completely transform manufacturing and many industries.
With 3D printing, the factories of the future will be able to quickly print machine parts on site. Entire assembly lines could be replaced by 3D printers. You can also print human organs for transplants, weapons, or even food.
3D printing technology offers many opportunities, but it also has disadvantages, challenges, and hurdles to overcome. If it allows reduce environmental impact production using fewer materials, the environmental impact of the printers themselves must also be considered.
3D printing also poses challenges for intellectual property rights holders, as this technology simplifies and reduces the cost of producing fakes for counterfeiters. In addition, weapons can be easily printed using 3D printing.
However, what is particularly interesting about this technology is the potential it offers for mass customization of products. Thanks to 3D printing, it is possible to customize products and models to meet special requirements in orders, and this can range from personalized sneakers to products tailored to individual nutritional needs.
Article translated from Forbes US – Posted by Bernard Marr
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